The United States of America has what is widely known as a Federal system of government with a number of national, state and local candidates being elected in all these levels. On a national scale, the head of state, or the President is also elected by the public through an indirect process. In today’s day and age, electors typically win the vote by garnering the support of their respective states to become the most popular candidate of their state. All members of the federal legislature are in fact, elected directly. The remainder of this article will be focusing on how Elections Work in the United States, and how one as a voting individual will can go about doing this process.
At the state level, there exists, in fact, a large number of elected offices, and each state has an the minimum one elective governor as well as a legislature. Such elections are also carried out in smaller scales such as at the local, country and city levels. It has been estimated that approximately one million offices and filled across the country for every electoral cycle that takes place.
These elections are typically regulated by both the federal as well as the state laws. To a certain extent, the United States Constitution is able to dictate how most federal election are held as stated in Articles One and Two as well as in various other amendments.
The state laws in effect regulates a large majority of the electoral systems which includes the usage of primaries, the eligibility of various votes to actually participate in the voting process and well as the running of each state’s electoral colleges along with its state and local elections.
The main method of voting takes place in such a way that the candidate with the highest poll results is finally elected for representation. In the unique case of the Presidential Elections, the highest polling party will earn the right to elect a hundred percent of the quantity of positions allocated to that particular state. In fact, the numbers of seats that are allocated is often disproportional to the number of overall voters as there is no legislative requirement that states that successful candidates need to acquire a minimum of fifty percent of the vote.
To begin to vote in the United States, an individual regardless of his race, religion or ethnic background has to be at least eighteen years of age in order to earn the right to vote. Furthermore convicted criminals or people convicted to felony charges are also prohibited from voting for a certain period of time or indefinitely. This rule is often altered based on the various needs of the states themselves.
Before beginning to vote, citizens would have to be registered first. In an attempt to increase the turnout rate, the voting process is made easier by requiring state governments to collect certain types of funding to make voting easier by providing uniformed registration services though various centers such as driver’s license registration areas, disability centers, libraries, schools and via in-mail registration.
Voting in the United states is often an exciting but yet important task and as such should be taken seriously. By understanding how Elections Work in the United States and reading up on the various candidates, one will be able to make better overall choices.
Additional resource links: http://www.america.gov/publications/books/elections-in-brief.html